binkd FAQ [2/4]

Msg # 1025 of 1085 on Fidonet BinkD Forum
Time: Saturday, 6-20-20, 1:15
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      31 Mar 16:48:44 [40423] Connection rejected by proxy (HTTP/1.0 403
    ? 31 Mar 16:48:44 [40423] unable to connect: {13} Permission denied
    In such a case you may try to use http tunnelling for instance with the
help of httport, HTTPTunnel (, stunnel
( or you may find a node receiving binkp
connections at port 443.
        07. How Can binkd Work via SOCKS-proxy?
    It is not a rare case when users go out to the internet from their
corporate LAN exclusively via the proxy server based at the only computer
connected to the internet. Thus binkd cannot make a direct connection to
the remote node and one must use the proxy server. Proxy servers support
was included in version 0.9.4 and the later ones.
    binkd works with a SOCKS proxy version 4 and 5. The first one does not
demand an authorization (no login and password), the second one demands it
as a rule.
    Suppose the connected to the Internet computer has the IP address in its LAN and the SOCKS server at the computer responds on
port 1080. Here is the line in binkd configuration file necessary for
working via the SOCKS proxy.
    1. A SOCKS server without user authorization (no login and password are
    2. A proxy server with user authorization (it is necessary to type login
and password, e.g. login "user", password "password"):
        08. IP-Point: How Can I Make binkd to Get My Mail From My Bossnode
    Make a poll using the command line option -P:
    binkd -P1:2/3 binkd.cfg
    Usually they want binkd to exit after the session is finished. One can
use the command line option -p:
    binkd -p -P1:2/3 binkd.cfg
    If binkd does not exit for a long time after the session has been
finished then decrease the value of rescan-delay (and sometimes the value
of timeout).
    If binkd works permanently (e.g. as a Windows service) and you want to
get your mail regularly then you need some additional program or a script.
As an example in DOS, Windows or OS/2 it is enough to execute the command:
    cd . >> %outbound%\NNNNMMMM.ilo
    where NNNN is the hex net number,
          MMMM is the hex node number,
          %outbound% is the path to the necessary zone outbound.
        09. "start_file_transfer: .: Permission denied" Error
    You get the message when binkd cannot open a file for sending indicated
in some *.?lo file. Most likely the file has a line containing only "."
because the poll has been made by a command of the type
    echo . >> xxxxyyyy.flo
    you should change it to "cd . >> xxxxyyyy.flo"
        10. binkd/win and Dial-up: Dialing-up and Disconnecting
    The problem is to configure the fidonet box in such a way that binkd
would initiate a telephone call to your Internet provider, get your mail
and disconnect.
    The solutions:
    1st Solution
    Configure automatic connection and timeout in the dial-up connection
properties (idle time before hanging up). It is convinient to use a
non-standard software for dialing-up (Advanced Dialer and others). You
should start binkd with a command line option -p periodically (and possibly
-Paddress for binkd to make a poll to the address).
    binkd -p -P1:2/3.4  binkd.cfg
    2nd Solution
    Use the command line option -p and the batch file where first Remote
Access Service (RAS) is started then binkd is started and after binkd exits
RAS is stopped.
    Two variants, for Windows NT and for Windows 2000:
    === binkdpoll1.cmd
    rasdial Connection
    binkd -p binkd.cfg
    rasdial Connection /disconnect
    === binkdpoll2.cmd
    net start "remote access service"
    net start "remote access auto service"
    binkd -p binkd.cfg
    net stop "remote access auto service"
    net stop "remote access service"
    3rd Solution (The Best One For Win9x)
    Use the command line options -p and -Paddress and control connection
with a non-standard dial-up software (for example dialerp).  This solution
is the most reliable one (especially if the modem connection to your
Internet provider is bad) due to the fact that dialerp can start some
indicated programs at setting the connection.  Here is the batch file you
should start in the 'Execute' parameter of the dialerp configuration file:
    binkd -p -P1:2/3.4  binkd.cfg
    dialerp BREAK *
    The question you may now ask: Where can I take dialerp? The answer is:
Ask the author (Alexander Vedjakin, 2:5020/540) or look for it in fileecho
archives and in ftp/http.
    In any case you should set a small value for 'rescan-delay' parameter in
the binkd configuration file. binkd would exit faster.
    === binkd.cfg
    # Outbound rescans period (sec)
    rescan-delay 2
        11. I Have Changed binkd Configuration File On-The-Fly. When Will
It Be Reloaded?
    Starting with the version 0.9.1 binkd could feel that its configuration
file changed. It exited with code 3 if it had been started with option -C.
Modification time was checked after each ingoing session. Here is the batch
file for starting binkd versions 0.9.1-0.9.3 and 0.9.4-0.9.6/w32:
    binkd -C binkd.cfg
    if errorlevel 4 goto end
    if errorlevel 3 goto aaa
    In the versions 0.9.4/unix and /os2-emx (and in these ones only) binkd
restarts automatically if it is started with -C command line option.
Besides that starting with version 0.9.4 the files included into the
configuration file with the help of 'include' keyword are tested not only
on incoming sessions but also in every 'rescan-delay' seconds.
    If you install binkd 0.9.4/w32 as a Windows NT service you should use it
with -C command line option.  Then binkd re-reads its configuration file.
    Before version 0.9.4 changes in the configuration file were not tested
binkd was started in client-only mode (-c command line option).
    In the unix versions configuration file is re-read on SIGHUP signal
by the command
    kill -HUP `cat /var/run/`
    In the version 1.0 configuration file is re-read automatically if
changed. binkd tests on changes at every 'rescan-delay' seconds.
        12. How Can binkd Work With T-mail/IP?
    There is no way to do it. The protocols differ in essence: binkd uses
binkp protocol whereas T-mail/IP uses EMSI etc.
        13. Is There At Least One Log Analyzer Under Unix?
    There exist many Perl scripts and several win32 binaries. For example
    binkdstat 0.1 beta4 Christmas version 6.01.2002
    Statistics generator for binkd
    (c) Dmitry Sergienko, 2:464/910@fidonet, 14.08.2000
    There also exists BndStat program:
    BNDST101.ZIP   34812 14-Aug-01 (AREA:AFTNMISC)
    BndStat 1.01. With sources. binkd statistics generator. Compiled for all
    platforms. Included win32 binaries. (C) Dmitry Rusov, 2:5090/94
    Log analyzer by val khokhlov (perl):
    binkdstat (c) val khokhlov, Dmitry Kolvakh, updated at April 2006
    T-Hist (c) Michael Markowsky, 2:5020/378 (KLUG's BBS)
    Binary log file analyzer for various mailers including binkd.
    Works in DOS, Windows NT (2000, XP, 2003) and OS/2.
    Kleine Statistiker/BINKD for DOS v0.60a, Russian version
    A small statistics generator for posting statistics to an echo
        14. binkd Connects Too Slowly (~20 Seconds) Though I Have a High-
Speed LAN
    It is possible that 'backresolv' parameter is on (for logging the remote
host domain name) and DNS is not configured.
    The simplest solution is to comment the 'backresolv' out in the
configuration file.  Configuring DNS is a more complex solution.
        15. Why Does binkd Not Understand Command Line Options When I Start
It From inetd?
    You should use the program name as the first parameter in inetd.conf (it
may be any string for binkd), the second and the following parameters
are the command line options (-iqs etc.) and the last parameter is the
configuration file full path:
    binkp stream tcp nowait root /usr/fido/binkd binkd -isq /usr/fido/binkd.
    If you do not use -q option then you should switch console output off
(comment 'printq', 'percents', 'conlog' out).
        16. Can One Make a File Request From binkd?
    It's a piece of cake! binkd supports WAZOO FREQ with an external helper.
    To request files from a remote system it is necessary to create a file
of type nnnnmmmm.REQ and to put it in the outbound directory next to *.?ut
and *.?lo files. But *.REQ files do not initiate binkd to call a link so
to make a FREQ it is necessary to make a poll. The contents of a .REQ file
is described in the "!SRIF.TXT" file which is a copy of FSC-0086.001 from
        17. How Can my binkd Respond to a File Request?
    One can configure binkd for calling an external file request processor
supporting SRIF (FSC-0086) for receiving and handling FREQs in binkd. Please
read the "!SRIF.TXT" file and the comment to 'exec' in the configuration
    Here are the examples of lines in configuration file for DOS-based OS
and for *nix (you should use regular expressions in the latter case for
binkd to match both upper-case and lower-case letters, e.g. both *.REQ and
    exec "\\ftn\\allfix\\allfix.exe RP -SRIF *S" *.req
    exec "/ftn/bin/tmafreq-srif *S" *.[rR][eE][qQ]
    A bash script "srifreq" is delivered with binkd starting with version
    The following file request processors are also compatible with binkd
(but they are not the only ones, any other one supporting SRIF will do):
    Allfix by Harms Software Engineering: it is a fileecho processor with
built-in file request processor and it has versions for DOS and OS/2;
    ViReq by Michael Haase (2:2432/280): a specialized FREQ processor for
Windows, it is distributed by Michael Massenberg (2:2411/505) via modem,
ISDN and Fido-over-IP.
    tmafreq by Maxim Timofeyev : the FREQ processor
is created for a unix-like OS and ported into Windows. One may obtain
from different BBS and FTP with fileecho archives, or may get tmafreq
from anonymous CVS, module "tmafreq".
    VIREQ/x by Volker Imre  (2:246/2098): the FREQ
processor is created for a unix-like OS but can be compiled in the OS/2,
Windows and maybe other operating systems. Now it is included into
project on Sourceforge and may be downloaded from
Binaries built for Win32 and OS/2 may be downloaded from  and
        18. How Can I Add binkd To a Fidonet Box Working With a Modem?
    You must configure your modem mailer and tosser for BSO (binkley-style
outbound) mode so that all of them including binkd would have the same
inbound directories (and also the same outbound directories). For example,
one may put the following line to T-Mail mailer configuration file:
    BinkStyle_Pack_For All
    If your mailer can work with AMA (arcmail-attach) only you may try to
use fileboxes and/or find programs that can convert your mailer's queue to
BSO or fileboxes. For example, Mail2dir utility allows using fileboxes with
FrontDoor. Such a means disables a possibility of sending your mail to the
same link both by IP and by modem (for instance, when one of the channels
failed). There is another more radical but more flexible way: you may change
your mailer.
    See also question 35.
        19. Flags Are Not Created On Receiving a File, Programs Do Not Start
    For sure you have a wrong template in the configuration file. You have
use it this way (the first two lines are for Windows and OS/2, the rest are
for the Unix-like OS):
    flag m:\\ftn\\flg\\pntseg.flg m:\\\\ftn\\\\inbound\\\\sec\\\\pntstr*.*
    flag m:\\ftn\\flg\\toss.flg *.su? *.mo? *.tu? *.we? *.th? *.fr? *.sa? *.
    exec "/usr/local/bin/ftrack -c /fido/conf/ftrack" *.[Pp][Kk][Tt]
    flag "/ftn/flg/echo-in" /ftn/inboundsec/*.[Ss][Uu][0-9A-Za-z]
    flag "/ftn/flg/echo-in" /ftn/inboundsec/*.[Mm][Oo][0-9A-Za-z]
    flag "/ftn/flg/echo-in" /ftn/inboundsec/*.[Tt][Uu][0-9A-Za-z]
    flag "/ftn/flg/echo-in" /ftn/inboundsec/*.[Ww][Ee][0-9A-Za-z]
    flag "/ftn/flg/echo-in" /ftn/inboundsec/*.[Tt][Hh][0-9A-Za-z]
    flag "/ftn/flg/echo-in" /ftn/inboundsec/*.[Ff][Rr][0-9A-Za-z]
    flag "/ftn/flg/echo-in" /ftn/inboundsec/*.[Ss][Aa][0-9A-Za-z]
    flag "/ftn/flg/fech-in" /ftn/inboundsec/*.[Tt][Ii][Cc]
    You must use the full path with four slashes for the file to receive or
the template should start with an asterisk character. You must use two
slashes for the flag file.
    You must use the full path because using a filename without path means
the event of receiving the file in the current directory and not in the
inbound directory. If a template begins with "*" then it means "any
directory" (and since all the files are received in one of the inbound
directories it works for both password protected and for unprotected
    In a UNIX-like OS you should take into account that filenames are case
sensitive. Please use regular expressions in templates.
        20. 'skipmask' Keyword Does Not Work
    A filename is compared without path and the comparison is case
sensitive when 'skipmask' is used.
        21. binkd Under Windows 3.x
    Sergey Zharsky ( ported binkd 0.9.2 and binkd 0.9.5 for
Windows 3.x. They work using IP stacks Trumpet Winsock ver. 3.0 revision D
and Novell TCP/IP Client for Win 3.11 (see the answer to the question
'binkd Under DOS', the section "The DOS version has the feature...").
        22. Different FTN Domains in binkd And a Tosser Without 5D Support
    Suppose there are two domains (with different zone numbers though it
does not matter).  Mail can be successfully sent to the first domain but
not to the second one. This situation may arise if the tosser, the tracker
and the other your FTN programs do not support 5D BSO.
    This is a typical binkd configuration for two FTN domains and 5D
    domain fidonet c:\\ftn\\outbound\\fidonet 2
    domain omeganet c:\\ftn\\outbound\\omeganet 11
    address 2:5070/222@fidonet 11:58/6@omeganet
    One must configure not the zone of your own address for 'domain'
keyword as one might think but the zone that should not be appended to the
outbound name (i.e. the outbound subdirectory extensions are not processed
for the zone denoted in the 'domain' line).
    If your tosser would create bundles for omeganet in the omeganet
directory then you should write as indicated above. But since it does not
work with 5D and it creates the bundles in fidonet.00b then you should
write this way:
    domain fidonet c:\\ftn\\outbound\\fidonet 2
--- hpt/lnx 1.9.0-cur 21-02-18
 * Origin: Moscow, Russia (2:5020/1042)

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